· Mining remains the backbone of Zambia's economy accounting for 14% of Gross Domestic Product (GDP), over 14% of domestic revenue generation, and over 70% of foreign exchange earnings. The sector also contributes substantially to employment levels. These benefits are proliferated or subdued depending on the status of mineral commodity prices. For instance, in high copper prices, .
Production trends in the top five copperproducing countries, . This is a list of countries by mined Copper production . Copper concentrates are commonly exported to other countries to be smelted. A nation's smelter production of copper can differ greatly from its mined production. See: List of countries by copper smelter production .