· Direct reduced iron (DRI) process. In addition to the process route via the blast furnace process, there is another option for extracting crude steel from iron ores using the socalled direct reduced iron (DRI) process (secondary route).The starting point for the efforts to find an alternative to the blast furnace process was the relatively high process expenditure.
Step 1 The production of molten iron The Primary Concentrate is mixed with limestone and coal and heated. The iron oxides are reduced in the solid state to metallic iron, which then melts, and the impurities are removed either as slag or gas. The flow diagram for this process is shown in Figure 1. 5.